Bakelite or polyoxybenzylmethylenglycolanhydride was the first plastic which made from synthetic elements.
It is a thermosetting phenol formaldehyde resin, made from a condensation reaction of phenol with formaldehyde and developed by the Belgian-American chemist Leo Baekeland in Yonkers, New York, in 1907.
Application and Use
Bakelite is especially suitable as a casting compound, an adhesive or binding agent, a varnish, and as a protective coating. Bakelite use for the emerging electrical and automobile industries because of its exceptionally high resistance to electricity, heat and chemical action.
The beginning use of Bakelite in the electrical industry was the molding of small insulating bushings, created in 1908 for the Weston Electrical Instrument Corporation by Richard W. Seabury of the Boonton Rubber Company.
Bakelite used for insulating parts of telephones, radios and other electrical devices, including bases and sockets for light bulbs and electron tubes, supports for any electrical components, automobile wholesaler caps, and other insulators.