Jute biodegradable bag with all plastic features – Sonali Jute bag

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Mubarak Ahmed Khan

Chief Scientific Officer

Bangladesh Atomic Energy Commission, Bangladesh

Dr. Mubarak Ahmad Khan is a retired Chief Scientific Officer (CSO) and Director General of Atomic Energy Research Establishment, Bangladesh Atomic Energy Commission. 

He is currently serving as Scientific Advisor of Bangladesh Jute Mills Corporation, Ministry of Jute and Textiles, Bangladesh. He serves in numerous promising nanotechnology areas, biodegradable polymers, biomedical technology, applied physics, etc. 

He also created Jutin (biodegradable jute & Jute Reinforced Polymer Corrugated Sheet), the outstanding housing material from jute plastic composite.

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Dr. Mubarak Ahmad Khan on the left side

He holds many national and international awards such as FACS (2017), National Jute Award (2016), BAS Gold medal (2012), etc., for his unique offerings to the scientific community. He is one of the scientists in the Jute area worldwide concerning international magazines cited by Scopus.


Bangladesh country was one of the first countries to ban plastic and polythene bags in 2002 from stopping them from collecting in waterways and on land – the ban had little success in preventing pollution.

More than 70 countries – from Asia to Europe – have outlawed the bags in at least some regions or cities, Khan said.

And also, more than 100 Bangladeshi and international firms are staring into accepting the new jute-based shopping sacks as the bans widen, Khan said.

Mubarak Ahmad Khan invented the biodegradable bag from jute in 2017year. The cellulose used in Sonali jute bags is extracted from jute, a significant fiber crop grown worldwide.

What is Sonali bag

The Sonali Jute Bag or Golden Bag is a cellulose-based biodegradable plastic and alternative to conventional plastic bags. Particularly PE bags, developed in Bangladesh by Mubarak Ahmad Khan.

What is Jute

Jute is a long, soft, shiny vegetable fiber that can be spun into coarse, strong threads. It is produced primarily from plants in the genus Corchorus, which was once classified in Tiliaceae. The fiber is off-white to brown and 1-4m long. Jute is also called golden fiber for its color and high cash value.

  • Cellulose – 65.2%
  • Hemi-Cellulose – 22.2%
  • Lignin – 12.2%
  • Water-soluble matter – 1.5%
  • Fat and wax – 0.6%

In Bangladesh, scientists have developed a method to convert Jute fiber into low-cost biodegradable cellulose plastic sheets called Sonali, which can be used as carrying and wrapping bags.

Scientist Mubarak Ahmad Khan, scientific adviser to the state-run Bangladesh Jute Mills Corporation (BJMC) and leader of the team that developed the new ‘Sonali,’ says that jute’s invented physical qualities fiber and same as plastic.

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The Sonali bag looks and feels just like plastic and also add-on the features of compostable and biodegradable options.

The Sonali Eco-friendly jute bags made up of jute can be used to pack garments and food products and also not harmful to the environment.


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